NAMA Peru Transport Lima

Estimation of the performance of a representative fleet of cars used as taxis in Metropolitan Lima through the application of surveys and the process of determining parameters in fuels (diesel and gasoline) through international laboratory tests.

Client
Ministry of Energy and Mines in Lima, Perú

Duration April 2019 – July 2019

Background

In October 2015, the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) signed Project 77699: “Appropriate National Mitigation Actions (NAMA) in the energy generation and end-use sectors in Peru” (the Project) whose objective is to develop and implement four (04) NAMAs of energy that focus on the design and implementation of low-carbon and climate change-resilient development strategies and/or plans. Each of these NAMAs has a variety of mitigation options that are framed and prioritized in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) that the country presented during COP21 in December 2015 (ratified by Supreme Decree No. 058-2016-RE, April 2016). One of the NAMAs focuses on the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to the use of electric and hybrid vehicles. In this regard, the MEM has considered it pertinent to obtain technical data on the performance of taxis and their work behaviour, this in order to quantify the GHG emissions that are usually generated and what could be avoided by replacing these vehicles by electric and hybrid vehicles.

Tasks of IREES

  • Survey the collection of samples of B5 diesel (10), 95 octane gasoline (05) and 90 octane gasoline (05) for a total of 20, for preparation and shipment to an accredited international laboratory. For each sample, the following processes should be carried out: a) measurement of carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen contents (ASTM D5291), b) calorific value (ASTM D240 – 02) and c) density (ASTM D7042).

  • Present the results obtained in the laboratory and make a comparative analysis with the results provided by the project.

  • Review and evaluate the current situation of the fleet of taxis operating in Metropolitan Lima in order to quantify the park of taxis that operate under the formality and estimate the park of taxis that operate under the informality. In both cases, information should be obtained on: energy matrix, year of manufacture, predominant brands and models, among others.

  • Prepare a survey to obtain information on: vehicle data (mainly performance) and other information related to labor behavior (daily distance traveled, hours/day of work, annual maintenance and associated expenses, etc.).

  • Supervise the team responsible for the execution of surveys in person, to a representative sample of at least 800 formal and informal taxi drivers (dedicated exclusively to this service).
  • Determine the performance of taxis grouped statistically by type of fuel, year of manufacture (range of 5 years), makes and models for it to obtain the average performance of the taxi fleet in Metropolitan Lima, which should include: daily mileage traveled, annual mileage traveled, daily expenses, maintenance expenses, among others.
  • Participate in workshops related to the electrification of the taxi fleet in Lima.
  • Extract recommendations for the potentials on electric vehicles for taxis in Lima.

Project partner

  • Corpoema, Kolumbien