Scale-up of Renewable Energy for power generation in the Western Balkan countries

Transition to low carbon energy in the Western Balkans



Duration April 2019 – August 2019


A high CO2 intensity of the energy sector in the Western Balkans requires a transition to a future low carbon energy supply in this region. By substituting renewable energy for energy supplies based mainly on fossil fuels, the Western Balkan countries can contribute to climate change mitigation in line with the commitments of the Paris Agreement. For this reason, two of the Western Balkan countries, Macedonia and Montenegro, have already incorporated economic emission reduction targets into their national legislation or policies in line with their nationally determined contributions. The six Western Balkan countries (WB6) are part of the Energy Community and have therefore agreed to adopt parts of the EU energy legislation. The aim of the Energy Community is to integrate the EU’s internal energy market with its neighbouring markets, particularly in South-East Europe.

Tasks of IREES

  • Analysis of progress regarding the implementation and adoption of the EC’s policy framework on climate and energy, with a focus on renewable energy, including the Renewable Energy Directive 2009 and the new 2030 package.

  • Assessment of specific market barriers and risks of different market-based RES support schemes, such as a non-liquid spot market or missing competition.

Project partner

  • Frauenhofer ISI (Project coordinator)

  • TU Wien

  • REKK

  • Institute of Technical Sciences (SASA)

  • Grenoble Applied Economy Laboratory (GAEL)


Eftim Popovski
Eftim Popovski