Heating maps for Germany

Analysis of the economic potential of efficient heating and cooling supply


Federal Environment Agency (UBA)

Duration February 2020 – June 2021


The article 14 of the European Commission’s Energy Efficiency Directive addresses the promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling supply. To this end, Member States are obliged to submit a comprehensive assessment of national potentials for high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling every five years. It also requires a cost-benefit analysis to be carried out, taking into account economic viability and technical suitability.

Project goals and results

Therefore, the project aims at analysing the potential of different efficient heating and cooling supply technologies by means of a cost-benefit analysis according to the requirements of the Energy Efficiency Directive. This includes a business and economic analysis of different heating and cooling supply paths, the derivation of strategic measures for the development of the identified potentials as well as the spatially resolved representation of the heating and cooling requirements as “heat maps”.

Tasks of IREES

  • As a project partner in this project, IREES is responsible for carrying out the cost-benefit analysis of different technology systems. The technology systems are defined by a combination of different efficient or renewable heating and cooling technologies. The different cost and benefit effects are determined for different conditions of use (system clusters), which differ, for example, in terms of heat density or the availability of renewable energy potentials.

Project partner

  • Fraunhofer ISI

  • ifeu


Dr. Jan Steinbach
Dr. Jan Steinbach
Eftim Popovski
Eftim Popovski
Jana Deurer
Jana Deurer